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Created on Jul 22, 1995; last updated Feb 5, 1999.


Bombay is energetic, exuberant, sparkling, and has building stones of many kinds and colours ... on your dyspeptic days you are apt to find ... Bombay's [architecture] bumptious, even riotous. In your more genial moments you might apply the adjective ... 'vital'.
John Begg, Consulting Architect to the City of Bombay, circa 1920.


Mumbai's architectural heritage from the British Raj is the icon of this vibrant city of gold. Less well known are the small places of religion tucked away inside crowded bazars, or the forgotten mansions of the once rich.

Civil works

Mumbai has been shaped by many remarkable feats of civil engineering. Some of these are extremely visible even today.