Khurshed F. Nariman was one of the second generation of Parsi stalwarts in the Indian National Congress. He came into the public eye in 1928 as an independent and courageous politician for his sensational process against the British engineer involved in the Backbay Reclamation scandal. He was cited for libel, but exposed the scandalous financial arrangements in this scheme.
In 1930 he was influenced by Gandhi and organised the civil disobedience movement in Bombay. However, following the elections of 1937 in the Bombay Presidency, he was passed over in the selection of the chief minister in favour of B. G. Kher. He complained of a communalist bias to the party high command, but no investigation was taken up by Nehru. Gandhi responded to a separate appeal, but could find no proof for Nariman's complaints.
He was expelled from the Congress party due to his vociferous but unsubstantiated charges. His attempts to reestablish himself in the freedom movement through the Forward Block (founded in 1939 by Subhash Chandra Bose) failed.