# Related puzzles

## The mathematics of Su Doku

### Latin Squares

An M×M Latin square is a variant of Su Doku without the rule that each cell should contain each symbol exactly once. In other words, one is required to fill up the grid so that each row and each column contain each of the M symbols exactly once. The first systematic study of this problem is due to the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler, and dates from 1782. Since there are less conditions to be satisfied, the number of Latin Squares is larger than the number of Su Doku solutions (every Su Doku solution is a Latin Square, but there are Latin Squares which are not Su Doku solutions).

#### See also

- Science news article.
- Wikipedia article.
- Du Sum Oh contains variants of prime Su Doku with specific tilings.

© Sourendu Gupta. Mail me if you want to reproduce any part of this page. My mailing address is a simple (satisfactory) puzzle for you to solve. Created on 09 October, 2005.