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Created on Nov 23, 1995; last modified on Jan 21, 1999.

The Mumbai Metropolitan Region

In 1945 Greater Bombay was brought into existence by an act of the British parliament. The basic services for the city of Mumbai are run by a collection of government organisations. The overall planning and development of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (including Greater Mumbai, New Mumbai and Vasai-Virar) is the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority.

Administrative organisations

Services in Mumbai are run by a host of public and private organisation including the municipal corporation, the port trust and many others.


Long before reliable mail services were available to the rest of India, Bombay was well connected through mail and telegraph to the rest of the world. After years of stagnation, the new technologies being added to the national communications services are giving private users new choices for data communication.

Crime and Prevention

For many years, residents of Bombay would claim that there is no street crime in the city and that people may walk safely on the streets at night. But perhaps it is less easy in rush hour traffic.

The internet

The internet is the fastest growing segment of the new communications scene in India, and in Mumbai. It deserves a section all to itself because of the volume of publicly accessible digital information available on it.

Land and Housing

Mumbai's unplanned growth, leading to many of the city's problems, can be traced back to the inordinately high prices of land and housing.


Power supply to Mumbai is provided through a host of interlocking agencies, but remains one of the most reliable among the cities in India.

Public health and waste disposal

A number of public agencies are responsible for the (awful) state of public health services in Mumbai.


Mumbai, more than any other city west of Tokyo, requires high speed, high volume transport systems-- the average commute time in Bombay is over two hours per person per day. More than 10 million commuters move over the city's bus and train system daily.

Water supply

Water supply to this immense city has been carefully executed and planned. Rain water caught in reservoirs in the hilly hinterland of the city is the primary source of potable water in Mumbai.